1. NEW article:Cunninghams' Daughter Visits Brandon Heights Home: Christopher Newport's First Presidential Mansion.
2. NEW article: Impacts of Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria on First Decaders.
3. From our Archives: Ancient Beliefs and Traditions Reflected in Old Halloween Cards.
4. CNU's Welcome Center To Be Named Cunningham Welcome Center.
5. Picnic Reunion 2017.
6.NEW Cartoons: Bizarro Puns.
New Knowledge is the most valuable commodity on earth. The more truth we have to work with, the richer we become.
Kurt Vonnegut Jr.
(1922 - 2007)
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Cunninghams' Daughter Visits
Brandon Heights Home:
Christopher Newport's First Presidential Mansion
by A. Jane Chambers
Photo by our webmaster, Ron Lowder. Unless otherwise stated, all recent photos in this article were taken by Ron, and all 1960s photos are from the Cunningham Family Collection, courtesy of Ann Cunningham Stachura.
Using Facebook, I was able to connect recently with the family living in what was, in the 1960s, CNC's first Presidential Mansion. It is located in Newport News at 25 Shirley Road in the Brandon Heights neighborhood next to Hilton Village (photo above). The lovely home is occupied now by Chris and Lauri Poole Nosil, who bought it in 2006, and their daughter, Sydney, a junior at Peninsula Catholic High School. Chris and Lauri were especially excited to learn their home was, in the 1960s, the home of CNC'S first president, H. Westcott (Scotty) Cunningham, and his family, because both are CNC alumni. Chris, a systems engineer in the Newport News Shipyard, earned his degree in computer science in 1988, and Lauri, the business manager at Trinity Lutheran School, earned her degree in finance in 1989.
Correspondence among the Nosils, Ann Cunningham Stachura (the Cunninghams' daughter) and me led to a meeting and tour of the home on Saturday afternoon, August 5. Ann drove down from Maryland, with a collection of 1960s family photos made at 25 Shirley Road, and her nephew Todd Waddell Cunningham, Jr. drove down from northern Virginia. He is a senior at George Mason. Shown above on the front steps of the one-time Cunningham home are (top) Lauri and Chris Nosil and (bottom) Ann and Todd.
Ann's collection included (above left) another 4 people posed on these same steps (minus the black railing) circa 1961--(front) Cecil Cary (Cecy) Cunningham with daughter, Ann, and (back) Cecy's parents, Doris and Cecil Waddell, who lived in Gloucester, VA. Notice the decorative white shutters on each side of the front door--not there now. They matched the white shutters at the front windows in the photo above right of Cecy and Ann, posed left of the porch. Based on their clothing, these two pictures were apparently taken on the same day. The house still has decorative window shutters, although not white (see first photo).
The photo above shows the group of us socializing in the living room, located on our left as we entered the front door. Clockwise from bottom left are Ann C. Stachura, Lauri Nosil, Todd Cunningham, Jr, Chris Nosil, note-taker Kay Rinfrette, and me. Present also but taking the picture was Ron Lowder, our webmaster and photographer. The wide opening next to Chris leads into the dining room. The main feature in the living room is the fireplace with, on each side, built-in bookcases and with low cabinets. These were there when the Cunninghams purchased the house, as shown in the two photos below of young Ann and her little brother, Todd.
Ann was born in May of 1960, while Cecy and Scotty were still living in Williamsburg. Their son, Todd Waddell Cunningham , was born in June of 1962. The photo left shows the children at about ages 2 and 4, probably during Christmas, since there are some Christmas decorations on the mantelpiece and a decorated stocking hanging from one corner of the fireplace screen. the photo right shows them at about 1 and 3.
The dining room, adjacent to the living room, was the second room we explored. Here we looked at Ann's collection of 1960s photos and an interesting newspaper article about Cecy circa 1961-62, based on the photos and content in it. Left to right in the above photo are Ann, Chris, me and Lauri. Behind Chris is the entrance to the kitchen.
The half-century-old pictures showed how very little had changed in the house since the Cunninghams lived there. For example, the old photo of the dining room (right), looking toward the living room, could almost be mistaken for a current photo. As Ann said often during the tour, the house was exactly as she remembered it, except for changes in paint colors and furnishings. Because she had lived there from her toddler days through grade three at Hilton Elementary School, 25 Shirley Road was still her first home, thus etched forever in her memory.
Entering the kitchen, Ann noticed that aside from newer appliances and a different floor covering, nothing major had changed (photo above, with Lauri). The same built-in cabinets were there, still white, and the stove and refrigerator were located in the same places. The windows still looked out on the same screened porch and beyond it, the same back yard. And the laundry room entrance was still to the right of the stove.
The picture below left, of Cecy and Todd, circa 1964-65, shows the same locations then as now of the stove and laundry room entrance. The other photo, of Ann and Todd at their own little kitchen table, shows the same white cabinets with black (or very dark) tops.
Next to the screened porch, and adjacent to the dining room, is a room the Cunninghams called the Sun Porch and the Nosils call he Sun Room, because of its numerous windows looking out on the back yard. The photo left, dated 1965, was made in that room, according to Ann, on a very special Christmas day, when at age 5 she got her aqua-colored E-Z Bake Oven, which she was proudly showing off in this picture. Todd, unimpressed, was more interested in his new cowboy outfit.
The last downstairs room, the Nosils' den, located to the right of the front door entry, has the paneled walls that were quite popular in mid-20th century America. Now painted white, and with light-colored carpeting and a new white ceiling, the room is very light and airy. The photo above shows Ann (left) sharing her memories of the room with Lauri and me.
Dens were always dark in the sixties. That was the style. In this 1965 photo (right) of 3-year-old Todd happily making a mess at the couch, almost everything in the room is dark green--carpet, couch, window trim and walls. The Cunninghams called this room the Play Room. It was the children's favorite place to play, and when their parents were entertaining adults such as CNC faculty or Peninsula leaders, she and Todd played here until bedtime.
Part 2 of this article will be a continued tour of 25 Shirley Road, focusing on the upstairs rooms and the back yard, with more then and now photographs and some editorial observations.
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Published October 13, 2017
Impacts of Hurricanes Harvey, Irma,
and Maria on First Decaders
by A. Jane Chambers
Knowing that some of our First Decaders and/or some of their loved ones lived in the paths of hurricanes Harvey, Irma, or Maria, I recently sent this request to all: "Please let me and your CNC First Decade friends know your status. Many of us have been thinking of you with hope in our hearts and prayers for your safety. I will send any news you send to your former classmates and professors." The majority of those who responded reported they had experienced little or no serious damage. Each of the three hurricanes did, however, seriously impact some. Below are their accounts, edited at times for length.
HARVEY: Houston, Texas
The aerial photo above shows hurricane Harvey in the Gulf of Mexico on August 25, 2017-- bearing down at peak intensity on the Texas coast. Jerry Russell ('65), who lives in Houston, was lucky: "We did not flood. Just a couple of roof leaks." However, Jean Regone Henry ('65), who lives in Maryland, reported shocking news about her brother Bill Regone and his wife, Debbie, who live in Houston: "They lost everything in Harvey--house, furnishings, cars." Below is Jean's account:
The damage came, not from the rain, but from water released by the city when they opened the spillways; 21 inches of the most toxic residue the EPA officials had ever seen sat in Bill's house for almost two weeks, contaminating everything it touched. Bill and Debbie tried to save everything they could, but very little actually survived. They have no flood insurance. They also lost both of their cars, plus their daughter's car and their son's car, which were both parked in Bill's driveway. The spillway water rose so quickly, there was no chance to move the cars before all the roads were flooded.
They rented a townhouse a mile away so they could continue to work on their flooded home once the water receded. A team of Mormons (from a group of 8000) removed drywall and flooring (wood, tile, vinyl) after Bill and Debbie had cleaned out the house. Everything wound up near the curb, where city trucks continued the demolition of family heirlooms, the piano, most of the furniture, doors, and cabinets. The Red Cross has provided survivors with food, bottled water, and some other necessities while they work to salvage whatever they can.
Bill, who is really handy, has restored power so they can use dehumidifiers to dry out concrete, brick, and studs. Debbie and her sister have been decontaminating studs in preparation for a rebuild, if they can get permission. Debbie does not want to give up the house. The concrete slab foundation was saturated, of course, as was the brick fireplace. All the interior walls in their house have now been removed. After scrubbing and disinfecting the supporting studs, they'll have to wait to see if the mold and mildew continue to grow. Our family is worried about the contamination of the soil, the concrete, the brick, and the wood left standing and the effect that contamination may have on their health. The city has health inspectors to advise them, so perhaps things will fall into place.
IRMA: Lakeland, Florida (near Tampa Bay)
The above photo shows hurricane Irma headed toward Florida. Herminio Cuervo ('66), who lives in Lakeland, reported that all in his household (humans and animals) "survived without injury" and that his home was spared but his office "took in some water, so we had to go bail out/dry the carpet," later restored fully by Stanley Steamer workers. The main damage in Lakeland was loss of power, caused primarily by downed trees. Below is Herminio's often humorous account of his experience.
The storm came right over our heads: we were in the East side of the eyeball (as I prefer to call it). Wind gusts over 100 MPH. We had several large oaks (senior citizens) all around the house and we lost many. One of them took the power, TV, phone and internet connections down with him (trees are masculine). To show you how God works in interesting ways, the wires helped the fallen tree go west, away from the house. We lost a large tree which fell on the street and on Monday AM, a neighbor helped us drag it off the road. I did chain sawing to help things out.
At the end of the day, another neighbor, who happened to be a senior lineman at Lakeland Electric, stopped when he saw the downed lines. He looked at them, climbed to the transformer in his bucket, took the lines off, came down, snuck the lines out from under the tree, borrowed my chainsaw and cleared the way. Then he lifted the lines back to the transformer, and when he got down from the bucket, told me, we would get the lights back in less than 2 hours. I thought, wow, with neighbors like this, we are blessed. We had power back before 24 hours, but still no TV, phone, or internet.
My son, Pedro, had parachuted here from LSU Law the day before the storm, so he and I did a lot of hauling of broken limbs, branches, tree trunks to the roadside. The place began to look like a set for the "Walking Dead," which appealed to me. I lost 5 pounds in one day, just hauling things around. Thinking of developing a weight loss program coupled to disaster mitigation. We still need to get that huge oak off the side of the road and fence. Have tree guys doing that; it is very expensive.
At the time Herminio wrote (mid-September), some food staples ("like sliced bread and milk") were in short supply and many people were still without power. However, there was no loss of order in Lakeland ("We have excellent law enforcement here"), the airport was spared ("a hub for cargo in/out"), FEMA and the military were there, and there was no gasoline shortage.
MARIA: Naguabo, Puerto Rico
The aerial photo above shows hurricane Maria, as a category 4, moving toward Puerto Rico (small rectangle left). It hit first the south eastern end (right end), which includes the coastal town of Naguabo ( red spot on the map at right). Close to there is the home of the mother of one of our First Decaders, Kathy Benintende Monteith ('74), who is also the mother-in-law of CNU Alumni Relations Officer Katie Monteith.
On September 15, Kathy wrote: "My dear mom was affected by Irma. She's safe, praise God! She has fresh water and a gas stove. Electricity will most likely be out for awhile longer." The situation worsened in Puerto Rico as time passed, however, as we all know. Kathy heard no more from or about her mother for many days. Then, on September 27, I heard from Kathy again. She wrote the below news.
We received a call yesterday from a dear friend of mom's, that she is okay! She's living in her home and surrounded by a community of love & support! No electricity or water yet. The mountain road to her home is now passable. Gasoline is scarce but was available yesterday in the closest town. Some stores are reopening. USPS and local banks are not in operation since Maria. October 9 UPDATE: Progress is happening! As of last Friday, mom has running water and postal mail service! I'm hopeful to receive mail from her this week. My sister & I are flooding her with cards and necessary needs.
The impact of Maria will be felt by all who live in Puerto Rico for many more weeks, months--perhaps even years. Keep Kathy Monteith's mother, and all others who are there, in mind as you watch the news unfold.
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Published October 13, 2017
Ancient Beliefs and Traditions
Reflected in Old Halloween Cards
By A. Jane Chambers
When the Roman Catholic Church brought Christianity to the British Isles, the church decided that the best way to convert the pagans was not to ban their religious customs, but to accommodate them. It happened that the Christian holiday All Saints’ Day and the Celtic New Year Samhain (pronounced so-wen, so-ween, or saw-win) both occurred on November 1st. Celebration of Samhain (“summer’s end” in Gaelic), like that of All Saints’ Day, began on the previous evening: October 31st.
The evening before All Saints’ Day became the Eve of All Saints, or All Hallows’ Eve—then, Halloween (or Hallowe’en): a word combining Hallow (meaning “holy,”“sanctified”)and evening ( even, or e’en). It was for Christians a time to gather in churches to pray and fast before the feast on All Saints’ Day. However, since their Samhain traditions never faded, it was also for the Celtic British a time of superstitious beliefs and fears. They believed that during the transition between summer and winter, the veil between this world and the next was particularly thin, allowing the spirits of the dead to reenter this world, as well as devils.
Immigrants from Ireland, Scotland, Wales and some parts of England brought Halloween to America in the mid-1800s. The holiday became very popular by the early 1900s. Halloween greeting cards of that time (most of them postcards) reflect some of the beliefs and traditions once strongly embraced but now rapidly receding if not altogether lost.
JACK O’ LANTERNS
The greeting card above reflects the old belief that the pumpkins, with their carved faces illuminated from within by candles, would protect the children from witches, once the children “got them out”—put them outside the entrances to their home on Halloween or carried them with them when they went outside. The Jack O’Lanterns would scare away ghosts or evil creatures as light dispels darkness. Firelight of all kinds was believed to drive away the evil spirits, so bonfires were popular also at Halloween.
The first Jack O’Lanterns were carved from large turnips (Wikipedia photo, right) or, sometimes, potatoes, or even beets. Such lanterns were used to light paths for people traveling at night as well as to protect them from evil spirits, particularly at Halloween. Native to North America, the pumpkin was unknown in the British Isles. Immigrants were quite delighted to find this large melon here, which quickly replaced the turnip.
Photo from Wikipedia
The term Jack O’ Lantern (“Jack of the Lantern”) is disappearing in America, as is the story behind it—an Irish legend (in several versions) about a scoundrel called Drunk Jack or Stingy Jack, who made a deal with the Devil to give the Devil his soul in exchange for some favor. When the Devil came to collect his soul, Jack tricked him into forgiving the debt. When Jack died, neither Heaven nor Hell would let him in, so he was doomed to wander endlessly in the twilight world of lost souls. Oddly enough, the Devil gave him an ember from the fires of Hell to light his way, which Jack put inside a carved turnip. (Wikipedia gives a fuller history).
Severalold beliefs are evident in the Halloween card on the left. The lady is “guising,” disguising herself, by wearing a white burial shroud to protect her from any ghosts of the dead, who will mistake her as one of their own and leave her alone. Devil and witch disguises were similarly used. She carries a Jack O’ Lantern for light and protection. There is a full moon, associated with both evil (werewolves and lunatics) and good (fertility, sweethearts, and visions of one’s future mate). The owls are a reminder that witches might be around and could mean good or bad luck.
Thewitches in the cards below are strikingly different: one ugly and old, the other beautiful and young—reminding us of the ancient belief in both good and bad witches. Remember The Wizard of Oz with its wicked and good witches? (The 1939 movie popularized the color green for bad witches and black for their clothing.) This evil witch looks longingly at the children inside. It was believed, especially in German folklore, that witches were cannibals and they preferred eating children, like the witch in Hansel andGretel,because devouring the young and healthy renewed them.
The children bobbing for apples are safe from the evil witch because of the tub of water. Remember how the Wicked Witch of the West dissolved when Dorothy threw water on her? (I played that witch role in high school.) From Medieval times into the 18th century, a common test used at witch trails was to throw or duck the accused into a body of water. (There’s a road in Norfolk called Witch Duck Road.) If she floated, she was guilty and would be burned at the stake. If she sank and drowned, she was innocent (yet also dead). The belief was that water, used for baptism and spiritual purification, was deadly to evil beings.
Whereas the bad witch above is accompanied by dark and nocturnal creatures, a black cat and a hovering bat, the good witch on the other card is accompanied by an owl, which can represent, depending on the context, either good or evil. Primarily, however, the owl has for ages symbolized wisdom. It was the favorite bird of Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom. The owl reminds us that witches originally were prophets — seers like blind Tiresias and Cassandra, in Greek mythology; astrologers like the wizard Merlin, in Arthurian legends, humans with magic powers who studied the heavens and could foresee the future. They could cast spells for good or ill, and were both revered and feared. The large smiling moon and shooting star, a traditional good luck sign, add to the positive tone of the Good Witch card.
ROMANTIC HALLOWEEN BELIEFS
By the early 20th century Apple Bobbing was largely becoming just a children’s contest with prizes, but originally it was a means of discovering one’s future mate. For example, a young woman who put under her pillow the apple she caught bobbing would dream that night of her future husband. A complete, unbroken apple peel thrown over the left shoulder would fall in the shape of the initial of one’s intended mate. An ancient symbol of love and fertility, as well as hate and discord, the apple is featured in many myths (The Judgment of Paris) and fairy tales (Snow White). Candied apples were once a favorite Halloween treat. For safety and health reasons, apple bobbing has virtually disappeared now, and few parents let children accept candied apples now for fear of razor-blades or poisons.
Beliefs about love potions and signs or visions of one’s future spouse during Halloween used to be popular. The four cards below reflect a few of these. Although in Europe and Great Britain most romantic rituals were performed almost exclusively by young women longing for husbands, in early 1900s America they sometimes were performed by bachelors as well, although, as seen in the last card, often in a humorous manner.
TRICK OR TREATING
This tradition goes back over a thousand years. On All Souls’ Day (November 2nd, following All Saints’ Day) Christians gathered in churches to pray for the souls of their deceased loved ones who were believed to be in Purgatory, being cleansed of sins before entering Heaven. Poor people, especially children, would go to the doors of the rich and ask for small “Soul Cakes” or other food in exchange for delivering prayers for the dead in those families.
“Souling” evolved over centuries into the practice of children, often dressed in costumes, going to the doors of people and entertaining them by singing, dancing, doing acrobatic tricks, or reciting poems. They would then receive treats such as sweets, fruit, or coins. In this first card, “We make the welkin ring” means that they make the sky ring with their noisy merrymaking. Notice the costumes include two court jesters, precursor of today’s clowns.
The mischief element of Trick or Treating was an American addition to Halloween, and grew to be a bad tradition. The “Pumpkin Boys” in this second card are doing “tricks” that are actually criminal. By the 1950s, acts of vandalism and property damage had grown so serious that most cities enacted laws restricting Halloween “Trick or Treating” to small children. This tradition is now almost entirely commercial, although collecting for charities such as UNICEF retains an element of the original “Souling.”
This last card, beautifully executed, reflects the overall light tone of virtually all of these early Halloween cards or postcards, reminding us that in early 20th century America, All Hallows Eve was not being taken very seriously. It had already evolved into a time of mirth more than a time of dread. The goblins hovering behind the bed of the sleeping girl are more comical than scary. Further, they seem unable to pass through the thin veil (the curtain) between their world and this one. In contrast, the three fairies have passed through that veil and are protectively hovering over the sleeping girl, one seemingly touching her with her magic wand. Any “good versus evil” struggle seems already won by these three good fairies, who by their number might recall the Christian belief in the Trinity that defeats the host of demons.
SOURCES: CONTENT in this article is largely from my own knowledge resulting from research I did while (1) creating and teaching a 400-level topics course at CNC called “The Gothic Tradition in English and American Literature” and (2) writing my doctoral dissertation (Coleridge’s “Christabel” in Context) for my Ph.D. degree at UNC-Chapel Hill.
PHOTOS of Halloween cards were collected from various websites on the internet that feature vintage cards. These collections duplicate one another and the cards, over 100 years old, do not have copywrite protection.
Published October 31, 2014
Re-published October 13, 2017
CNU's Welcome Center To Be Named Cunningham Welcome Center
by A. Jane Chambers
CNU photo of the new Christopher Newport Hall, completed in 2015.
Baxter Vendrick, Director of Alumni Relations at CNU, announced the exciting news at the 2017 Picnic of the CNC First Decaders on Sunday afternoon, September 24th. He read to the group gathered in Newport News Park the following letter from President Paul Trible to Mrs. Cecil Cary Cunningham, widow of H. Westcott (Scotty) Cunningham:
The group broke into applause as Director Vendrick finished reading the sentence "This fall we wish to honor our first president by naming our new admission welcome center the Cunningham Welcome Center." Like numerous alumni, emeriti faculty and others aware of Scotty Cunningham's enduring role in the history and success of Christopher Newport, the First Decaders have advocated for some years that he be honored at CNU by having some building, or part of a building, named after him.
We who have long wished for this honor for First President Scotty Cunningham greatly appreciate CNU's Administration's making this wish come true. We thank all involved in the process, and particularly thank you, President Trible. We also feel honored to be the first to hear this happy news!
The welcome center to be named in honor of our institution's First Captain is located on the second floor of Newport Hall, pictured above. As stated in the letter, a specific date for the official naming ceremony, which will be this fall, has not yet been determined, but the event is expected to occur in October or, at the latest, in November. All First Decaders will be invited to attend. Watch this website for the date!
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Published September 29, 2017
1ST DECADER PICNIC
Picnic Reunion 2017
A. Jane Chambers
On Sunday afternoon, September 24th, the CNC First Decaders gathered once again at Newport News Park for the annual Reunion Picnic. Attendees were First Decaders and guests, including the staff of CNU's Alumni Relations Office. Our group enjoyed good food, sunshine, old and new memories, and most importantly, fellowship. A major highlight this year was being the first people to hear the great news that our first CNC president, the late H. Westcott (Scotty) Cunningham, is soon to be honored by having the welcome center in Newport Hall named after him. (Photo above courtesy of the Alumni Relations Office)
Above left are (L-R) Baxter Vendrick, Director of the Alumni Relations Office, First Decader Ellen Babb Melvin, and Alumni Relations Office Intern Kenneth Kidd ('18)--a Gingham Trio. I am pictured on the right with two of my former English students, Charlie Snead and Ellen Babb Melvin, both in the class of 1966. (Photos courtesy of Ellen B. Melvin)
The photo above left, by Alumni Relations staff, shows class of 1963 student Patti Andrew Mays (foreground) and her husband, Fred Mays, enjoying a conversation with (standing) Charlie Snead ('66). Behind Patti is her former classmate Jo Berry Sinclair ('63). Addressing the group in the other photo, by Ellen Melvin, is Dr. Sean Heuvel, Chair of the 1961 Historical Preservation Club at CNU.
Posing with members of the Alumni Relations Office are First Decaders Lois Wright, the first (and only) graduate from CNC's first year, and Ellen B. Melvin. (L-R) are Intern Andrew Bagwell, Monica Hill, LOIS, Baxter Vendrick, ELLEN, Intern Kenneth Kidd, Katie Monteith, and Intern Michael Bloom. (Photo courtesy of Ellen B. Melvin)
Our CNC First Decaders include numerous outstanding people. Dr. Lois Wright (left) went forward after CNC to earn advanced degrees at William and Mary. She retired from the faculty of the University of South Carolina as Distinguished Professor Emerita. Her CNC diploma is on display in our Alumni House, just inside the door into the room on the right of the entrance room. Charlie and Thommy Snead (right), who have never yet missed a First Decaders Reunion, although they have a long drive from their home in Hendersonville, NC, both also earned degrees at William and Mary. Charlie had a career of 32 years in elementary school administration and supervision inNC, including 19 years as a principal.
Our mascot, three-legged Annie, and her mom, Mary Ellen (Cissy) Wilkinson, regularly attend our annual fall reunion also, driving down from Richmond. Cissy is yet another example of how successful our First Decaders have been. After CNC, she earned a BA in Philosophy at William and Mary in 1968, was a social worker in Richmond, and then earned her JD from UVA in 1982. She was a legal counselor for 20 years at Jefferson National Bank (later Wachovia) in Richmond .
The First Decader who traveled the longest distance to attend this 2017 reunion was my former student Thomas (Tom) Redmond, who drove from Camden Point, Missouri. No photo was made of him at our picnic, so shown here is his senior year picture in the 1971 Trident. Tom earned his AA & BA (History) at CNC; then his MA (History) at ODU. He worked 35 years in Army Intelligence, mainly at TRADOC, Fort Monroe. After Army retirement, he went into civil service work, which he is still doing part time.
In spite of the flies, which we usually don't have in late September, this sixth Picnic Reunion of the First Decaders was an event that I believe all attendees enjoyed very much. I certainly did!
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Published September 29, 2017
Published October 13, 2017
SILLY DILLY ANSWER
ANSWER: Neither, it's best to write with a pen!
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